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15.4.2. Granting and Revoking Tickets via a Cluster Ticket Registry

We will use Booth here as an example of software that can be used with pacemaker as a Cluster Ticket Registry. Booth implements the Raft algorithm to guarantee the distributed consensus among different cluster sites, and manages the ticket distribution (and thus the failover process between sites).
Each of the participating clusters and arbitrators runs the Booth daemon boothd.
An arbitrator is the multi-site equivalent of a quorum-only node in a local cluster. If you have a setup with an even number of sites, you need an additional instance to reach consensus about decisions such as failover of resources across sites. In this case, add one or more arbitrators running at additional sites. Arbitrators are single machines that run a booth instance in a special mode. An arbitrator is especially important for a two-site scenario, otherwise there is no way for one site to distinguish between a network failure between it and the other site, and a failure of the other site.
The most common multi-site scenario is probably a multi-site cluster with two sites and a single arbitrator on a third site. However, technically, there are no limitations with regards to the number of sites and the number of arbitrators involved.
Boothd at each site connects to its peers running at the other sites and exchanges connectivity details. Once a ticket is granted to a site, the booth mechanism will manage the ticket automatically: If the site which holds the ticket is out of service, the booth daemons will vote which of the other sites will get the ticket. To protect against brief connection failures, sites that lose the vote (either explicitly or implicitly by being disconnected from the voting body) need to relinquish the ticket after a time-out. Thus, it is made sure that a ticket will only be re-distributed after it has been relinquished by the previous site. The resources that depend on that ticket will fail over to the new site holding the ticket. The nodes that have run the resources before will be treated according to the loss-policy you set within the rsc_ticket constraint.
Before the booth can manage a certain ticket within the multi-site cluster, you initially need to grant it to a site manually via the booth command-line tool. After you have initially granted a ticket to a site, boothd will take over and manage the ticket automatically.


The booth command-line tool can be used to grant, list, or revoke tickets and can be run on any machine where boothd is running. If you are managing tickets via Booth, use only booth for manual intervention, not crm_ticket. That ensures the same ticket will only be owned by one cluster site at a time. Booth Requirements

  • All clusters that will be part of the multi-site cluster must be based on Pacemaker.
  • Booth must be installed on all cluster nodes and on all arbitrators that will be part of the multi-site cluster.
  • Nodes belonging to the same cluster site should be synchronized via NTP. However, time synchronization is not required between the individual cluster sites.